In order to facilitate career decision-making, we recommend you to follow these career planning steps:
CHECK HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW YOURSELF
Good knowledge of yourself is the most important stage of the career planning, which is needed for you to clarify your personality skills and characteristics, values, interests, knowledge and competences. We recommend you:
- To find out your interests and what motivates you to work. Try to answer to the following questions: What is luck to me? What activities I like the most? In what activities I am the most successful? What encourages me to work (money, ability to help others, public recognition, etc.).
- To conduct the “stocktaking” of your knowledge and competences. Try to think about competences and knowledge that you have acquired during your studies (on lectures or internships), volunteering activities and/or work and make a list of it.
- To test yourself on self-knowledge tests.
- To ask for opinions of other people who know you well. You can learn more about you (personality skills, values, characteristics) by asking for the opinion of your friends, family members, teachers, colleagues, etc. However, do not forget that opinions of others, as well as other information, have to be measured critically.
EXPLORE YOUR CAREER POSSIBILITIES
If you are not sure of what you could do/work, try to follow these steps:
- Think of what you would like to do after your studies. Ask yourself: do I want to continue my studies (in master, doctorate studies, etc.)? Or maybe I want to have a gap year and/or find a job? If I want to continue my studies, what will I do after it?
- Find out where you can work after finishing your study programme. The main sources of information are: description of study programme; lecturers of your study programme; success stories of students/graduates.
- Follow the situation on the labour market: which professions are popular (unpopular)? Representatives of which professions have the best (worst) employability? Which specialists will be needed in the future?
- Collect information about the career directions, professions, employers in which you are interested the most.
- Attend Career Planning events (lectures, seminars, Career Days, etc.). Such events is a great opportunity to meet employers, representatives of different professions and to learn more about what you may need in order to do your dream job.
And don’t forget that most of the jobs (professions) does not require to graduate from a specific study programme, it is much more important to develop your personal characteristics, general skills and interest in education and motivation to work!
CREATE THE PLAN OF IMPLEMENTATION OF CAREER OBJECTIVES
For a successful implementation of your career objectives it is recommended to make a plan:
- Make a forthcoming plan (for instance, for 5 years period)
- Make a detailed career plan (for 10-30 years period)
GAIN WORK EXPERIENCE
Job seekers are increasingly asked to have some work experience. Your gained experience gives the employer a lot of information about your interests, knowledge, skills and help to find a job, therefore in the University you should not only study but also gain experience!
During your studies you may gain experience in the following ways:
- By volunteering. You may volunteer in the University and outside of it.
- Through the internships (internship of studies (professional), voluntary internship).
- Through the voluntary internship. If you want to gain more skills than it was gained through your studies’ internship, you may do a voluntary internship as well.
- Join the activities of student’ organisations.
- Work. If you have some free time during your studies, you may find a job (for a summer, no a full-time job, etc.).
PREPARE GOOD CV (RESUME) AND COVER LETTER
Curriculum vitae (CV) is a first step to the desired job, internship or volunteering place. A good CV is a great way to present your knowledge and skills to the employer and a well prepared covering letter is a way to convince employer to invite you to a job interview.
Below you will find some tips how to prepare your CV (resume) and cover letter.
PREPARE FOR A JOB INTERVIEW
Job interview is probably one of the most difficult and stressful stage of looking for a job. If you want to get an opportunity to prove yourself then you need to properly prepare for it. Below you may find advices on how to prepare for this interview.